Dealing with 5 Common Causes of Dry Skin

Causes of dry skin

Unlike what many of us believe, not all dry skin is unhealthy. Dry skin is a skin type, which needs extra care and moisturisation, but is still healthy skin. However, if your skin is excessively dry, you may have an underlying condition. So the question is, what exactly is causing your dry skin?

1) Age

As we get older, our skin becomes thinner and drier because of hormonal changes. (1) In the absence of a time machine, ensuring you moisturise morning and night will help. You may want to try a moisturiser containing Hyaluronic Acid (HA), a substance that the body naturally produces, and which serves to bind water in skin. As we age, our natural levels of HA decrease, making moisturisers with this ingredient an interesting option (2). Try Cetaphil Daily Hydrating Lotion with Hyaluronic Acid or Rich Hydrating Night Cream with Hyaluronic Acid.

And when you moisturise your face, be sure not to forget your neck. You don’t need a separate product for this area (your facial moisturiser should do the job), and it is important to keep your neck moisturised to help prevent lines and wrinkles that are more visible on dry, aging skin. 


2) The weather / climate

If you live in a dry climate, this could be adversely affecting your skin’s moisture levels. To help, wear loose, natural fabrics, and consider using a humidifier in your bedroom or other areas in your home where you spend a lot of time—this will add moisture to the air and help soothe thirsty skin. Likewise if you’re often in cold and windy weather, your skin could be taking a battering. Be sure to use a moisturiser daily, making sure not to just focus on your face, but on body moisturisation as well.


3) Swimming

Hitting 20 lengths before breakfast might be doing wonders for your cardiovascular system, but all that water could—ironically—also be drying out your skin. This is because pool water is treated with chlorine, which can cause the skin to dry out. Always rinse off after getting out of the pool and apply moisturiser. Ointments and creams with ingredients such as avocado oil are great for softening skin (3). 


4) Your job

Whether you work inside or outside, your time spent working (which let's face it, is a lot) can cause our skin to be unhealthy. For those that work outside, the searing heat of summer can cause excess sweating whilst the cold of the winter season causes our skin to lose moisture and become dehydrated. Alternatively, office workers and those that are inside most of their day are susceptible to dry skin due to being in air conditioned spaces daily. To combat both working environments having a negative effect on your skin, adopt a skin care routine that at the very least includes cleansing and moisturising. This will ensure that your skin is at its healthiest.   


5) A skin condition

Excessively dry skin could also be a sign of an underlying skin condition (such as psoriasis or eczema). If you think you are suffering from a skin condition, it’s worth getting it checked by a dermatologist and using the prescribed treatment.